By Enrique Fernandez
Sometimes what you need is a hot Cuban.
Un sandwiche cubano.
A Miami staple.
Or is it?
The Cuban sandwich is not, in fact, a Cuban Miami invention. It hails from Tampa — specifically Ybor City, the old cigar-factory town within Tampa.
Andy Huse, a University of South Florida librarian who is the sandwich‘s major historian, had his first Ybor City cubano in 1992. It was love at first bite.
“Miamians think they invented everything Cuban, ” Huse told the St. Petersburg Times with all the pride of a transplanted Tampan. (He is from Chicago.) “When Miami was hardly a gleam in an alligator’s eye, we had a thriving community in Ybor.”
I concur. Having lived in Tampa from 1957 to 1964, Ybor City’s last years as an authentic Latin town-within-a-town, I can attest that the Cuban sandwiches rocked.
The Tampa cubano was made on shortening-free Cuban bread, filled with hand-cut ham, roast pork, Swiss cheese, thinly sliced pickle and a slather of yellow mustard. Plus either mortadella or salami, which was dropped in the Miami version. It was usually, as now, heated in a sandwich press.
Even in their birthplace, Huse says, “Cuban sandwiches seem to be getting worse.”
Miami, too, once prided itself on its cubanos, with the original Latin American Cafeteria setting the standard, but Huse’s dictum applies here as well.
Not just Miami but all of South Florida is awash in variations of the Coral Way cafeteria — now gone — but their cubanos don’t measure up.
The original, Huse says, was called a mixto — “mixed” meats as opposed to just ham and cheese or just roast pork (pan con lechón, a topic for another time) — it was a classic in Havana sandwich shops that in Tampa became known as a cubano.
In both cities, they were first made by Spanish immigrants, mostly gallegos, who hand-sliced home-roasted pork leg (i.e., fresh ham), home-glazed ham, also on the bone, and big rounds of Swiss cheese.
At tony Havana sandwich shops like OK, Siglo XX and El Carmelo, they also added mortadella, according to Mary Gladys Peón, a self-declared Cuban-sandwich nut whose husband, Ramón, owns La Taberna de San Román in Doral.
Searching the food websites, I find lamentations: “Where can I get a good Cuban sandwich?” Sometimes there are tips, but the cubanos to which they lead are, indeed, lamentable.
I follow leads from friends, colleagues, foodies. Close, but no cubano.
After sampling countless examples (they’re served at every Cuban coffee-shop in town), I am forced to conclude that, like other popular Cuban specialties, the sandwiche cubano had descended to fast-food quality in South Florida, made by — and often for — folk who no longer know the right stuff.
But there is hope, albeit unconventional.
At L & L Market Bistro in Miramar, the owners are Cuban, but theirs is not an ethnic deli. There is jazz on the sound system, a variety of sandwiches and salads on the menu and a good selection of wines on the shelves.
Their Cuban sandwich is made with thin-sliced ham, the pork is house-roasted, and the bread — a sandwich-sized French loaf — is toasted with grill marks — an unconventional but nice touch.
On Thursdays, Norman Brothers Produce in Kendall makes a “Cubano panini” with pork that is braised rather than roasted and then shredded — atypical but very, very tasty. There’s only one thin slice of ham — a welcome relief from overstuffed cubanos at more “ethnic” eateries — and the bread is a small, crusty, French loaf, nice but not Cuban.
We live in a curious gastronomic era. Good-quality, traditional food is almost impossible to find commercially, and at the higher end, the buzzword is deconstruction.
That is precisely what accounts for the best cubano in town. Or best non-cubano cubano.
At the trendy Bin No. 18 on Biscayne Boulevard, chef-owner Alfredo Patiño marinates pork loin in sour orange and onion, then braises it for six hours and tucks the shredded meat, along with Swiss cheese, inside a ciabatta loaf that’s been slathered with Patiño’s own mix of Dijon mustard, horseradish and mayo. No ham, but traditional dill pickles (he uses kosher) sliced lengthwise.
The result is something that is not a Cuban sandwich but hits all the right Cuban sandwich notes. Alas, Patiño only serves it as an occasional special.
Perhaps we have entered the era of nuevo cubano sandwiche. Or perhaps we just have to wait for one of our Cuban-culture obsessives — and the diaspora is full of them — to decide it’s time to bring it all back home.
At the eating end, this obsessive is waiting.
IF YOU GO
* 1800 Biscayne Blvd., Miami.
* 11 a.m.-3 p.m., 6-11 p.m.; later on weekends.
* Sandwich $8.
* FYI: Cuban sandwich is an occasional special; call to check availability.
L & L MARKET BISTRO
* 11338 Miramar Pkwy., Miramar.
* 7:30 a.m.-9 p.m. weekdays, 8:30 a.m.-7 p.m. Saturday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Sunday.
* Sandwich $7.
NORMAN BROTHERS PRODUCE
* 7621 SW 87th Ave., Kendall.
* 8 a.m.-7 p.m., Monday-Saturday; 9 a.m.-6 p.m. Sund ay.
* Sandwich $5.99.
* FYI: Cubano panini is available Thursdays only, beginning at 9:30 a.m., and often sells out by 4 p.m.
A DO-IT-YOURSELF CUBAN
You need two ovens. If you don’t have a double oven, talk your neighbors into letting you use theirs — but don’t forget to invite them to eat.
* Marinate a fresh ham (whole pork leg) for a day or two in sour orange juice, lots of mashed garlic, salt and pepper — and oregano and cumin, if you wish.
* Roast the pork at 325 degrees for about 5 hours, to an internal temperature of at least 160 degrees.
* Coat a whole cured ham, on the bone, with your favorite glaze and heat the other oven to 350 degrees. About an hour before the pork is done, begin baking the ham so they’re done at the same time.
* Slice dill pickles lengthwise, very thin, and set some Swiss cheese out at room temperature.
* Take the meats out of ovens and let them rest.
* Rush to your nearest Cuban bakery (do not use supermarket bread) and buy a freshly baked loaf or loaves of Cuban bread, still hot from the oven.
* Split the bread when you get home and start hand-slicing the meats and cheese.
* Degrease the pork’s pan juices and dip one of the bread halves into it for a moment.
* Stack pork slices, then ham, then cheese on the moistened bread. (Add slices of mortadella if you wish; this is optional.)
* Top the stacked fillings with sliced pickles, making sure every bit of the sandwich is covered.
* Spread yellow mustard on the other piece of bread and cap the sandwich.
Since everything is warm, there is no need to toast or grill. You will be left with most of a roast pork leg and a whole ham, so make lots of sandwiches. Drink beer. Have a party.